Coldstream Guards

The Regiment

24 july 13 139The Regiment was raised in June 1650 when Oliver Cromwell appointed George Monck to command a New Model Army Regiment.  Owing to Monck’s former Royalist service, five companies were drafted from Hazlerigg’s and Fenwick’s staunchly Parliamentary Regiments.  Monck’s Regiment saw its first action at Dunbar against the Scots (3rd September 1650), gaining the Dunbar Medal.  For three weeks in late 1659 Monck’s Regiment stayed in Coldstream, on the Scottish border. Prompted by widespread anarchy, Monck set out on 1st January 1660 to march his Regiment to London.  Monck and his Regiment played a crucial part in restoring law and order, and supporting the elections that led to the restoration of the Monarchy and the return of King Charles II.  Monck was richly rewarded by Charles II, who made him a Knight of the Garter.  The Regiment has used the Garter Star as its capbadge ever since.